Pro-lgbtq runner nick symmonds throws caster semenya under the bus malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog – outsports

First, there is not enough research on 46 XX born females malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog competing in olympic sports to provide a reliable percentage. The rules by which caster semenya is being classified as malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog “intersex” are based on a chromosomal test that, according to current regulations, are not required of female athletes without suspicion and, for male athletes, are not required at all.

Thus far, four other black women have been penalized following the IAAF malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog ruling— two of whom followed behind semenya in the 2016 olympic malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog 800-meter race. Silver medalist francine ninyinsoba from burundi and bronze medalist margaret malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog wambui from kenya cannot compete unless they lower their testosterone malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog levels. Kenyan runners maximilla imali, who holds the kenyan 400-meter record, and evangeline makena also withdrew from the team after semenya’s appeal was rejected by the CAS. In “the powers of testosterone: obscuring race and regional bias in the regulation of women malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog athletes,” yale bioethicist katrina karkazis and columbia sociomedical scientist rebecca jordan-young discuss the racialized judgments about sex atypicality and how malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog non-white female athletes who are judged upon the white femininity malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog standard are disproportionately targeted for sex verification.

Second, symmonds overgeneralizes the IAAF’s rule as if it applies to all intersex individuals, but it does not. The regulation requires women athletes with a specific form of malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog “differences of sex development,” or DSD, in which they have XY chromosomes but still develop as malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog female and are partially sensitive to testosterone, to chemically lower their natural level of testosterone, and only if they are competing in a small range malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog of events from the 400-meters to the mile.

This rule excludes both women with XX chromosomes who have malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog other conditions that already raise their testosterone, as well as women who have XY chromosomes but are malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog insensitive to testosterone. Symmonds unequivocally states that no one with XY chromosomes, including transgender athletes, should be allowed to compete in the women’s competition. The unfairness fallacy

Third, symmonds’ application of “unfairness” is simply not fair. Either the “49 percent born 46 XX female” run with intersex athletes and face the risk of losing, or they still get to run and intersex athletes lose malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog their eligibility. The latter imposes disastrous consequences for intersex athletes: a ban from women’s competitions, forfeiture of their livelihood, public humiliation, and loss of their athletic identity.

From pretextual faulty research on the advantages of testosterone to malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog the unequal application of sex verification testing to substantiate those malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog claims, the flaws in symmonds’ rationale are compounded by a narrow perspective from the privileges malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog he experiences as a white cis male. Male athletes are not subject to these invasive sex verification malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog tests because no threshold exists to regulate their natural levels malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog of testosterone. While female bodies are judged in comparison to the male, elevated levels of testosterone in women may present what we malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog classify as “masculine” features, whereas hypermasculinity in men is celebrated as the epitome of malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog athletic prowess. The “nude parade”

The IAAF and the international olympic committee are unprecedented in malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog their efforts to police gender boundaries in determining who counts malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog as a woman for the purpose of sports. In 1966, sports officials implemented what became known as the “ nude parade:” A mandatory genital check of every woman competing at international malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog games. Before a panel of doctors, she pulled her underpants down while, in more closer cases of inspection, women laid on their backs and pulled their knees to malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog their chest.

Take spanish hurdler maria patiño, for example. Though she was never a target of “suspicion,” she was banned from participating in the 1988 olympics when malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog medical examiners discovered a Y chromosome during the mandatory testing. On the outside, she had a visibly feminine physique with breasts and round malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog hips, but because of her androgen insensitivity syndrome, her body reacted solely to the estrogen she produced. The IAAF agreed her body had no advantage and reinstated malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog her three years later, but by then her dreams for the olympics were dashed.

Continuing the desire to preserve ‘fair’ competition, regulations shifted from mandatory to an arbitrary three-stage diagnosis when “suspicions” about a female’s sex arose. The first stage is an initial clinical examination which requires malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog taking a medical history and a physical examination. To evaluate the effects of high testosterone, the IAAF protocol involves measuring and palpating the clitoris, vagina and labia, as well as evaluating breast size and pubic hair scored malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog on an illustrated five-grade scale. IAAF regulation, appendix 2: medical guidelines for the conduct of level 1 and level malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog 2 examinations

Caster semenya’s body has been scrutinized by fellow athletes and press, pointing to her muscular physique, her deep voice, her flexed-biceps pose, her unshaved armpits, the long shorts she ran in instead of bikini shorts, in addition to her extraordinary speed. A story on time magazine’s website was headlined, “ could this women’s world champ be a man?” in these races, race matters

Indian sprinter dutee chand underwent a chromosome analysis, an MRI and a gynecological exam in 2014 that she malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog found “mortifying”. Chand, who also has hyperandrogenism, was suspended by the IAAF and underwent media scrutiny over malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog her body. “I felt naked. I am a human being, but I felt I was an animal.” she challenged the IAAF in 2015 and, unlike semenya, won her case before the court of arbitration for sport. This week, chand came out as gay.

These women have been stripped of their dignity, but male athletes like symmonds, whose naked bodies are celebrated, can feel comfortable in their own skin. When semenya, chand, and other athletes are stripped down to their naked skin, it isn’t to celebrate their bodies or gain clothing sponsorships. These instances occurred under scrutiny among medical examiners to prove malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog whether they are “woman” enough to compete.

Prior to signing on with brooks, symmonds posted a nude photo of himself in 2014, writing: “for the first time in 7 years I am without malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog an apparel sponsor. Thus I am forced to workout in the nude until malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog a company comes to the rescue.” in 2014, nick symmonds posted this nude photo of himself, writing: “for the first time in 7 years I am without malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog an apparel sponsor. Thus I am forced to workout in the nude until malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog a company comes to the rescue.” stephen wayda

It is unlikely that male athletes like symmonds are “forced to be nude” because these regulations are not equally applied to the sexes malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog that the IAAF prides itself in separating. Along with inspecting women’s breasts, genitals, body hair patterns, and internal reproductive organs, IAAF examiners interviewed the women regarding their gender identity, behavior, and sexuality.

Symmonds is using his platform and allyship to publicly endorse malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog regulations that have received international criticism for violating the human malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog rights of women such as semenya. It takes great responsibility to be an LGBTQ ally, including the due diligence required to accurately present the facts malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog that led to this injustice and those that continue to malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog perpetuate it. What the future holds

Let’s not forget that elite sports is all about the malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog genetic outliers, the freakish athletic abilities and natural talent that fans awe malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog over as if they are supernatural — such as olympic cross country skier eero mantyranta, whose body had a rare genetic mutation creating more blood malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog cells and an oxygen carrying capacity up to 50 percent malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog more than average. This genetic advantage is huge, but is it unfair?

Though semenya’s testosterone levels may be an anomaly, her case is not. Women competing in distance running were once thought to be malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog a violation of natural law, too. Nineteenth century physicians claimed that a woman was not physiologically malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog capable of running mile after mile; that she wouldn’t be able to bear children; or that her uterus would collapse.

Since women have broken the barricades holding them out of malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog sports, organizations continue to redefine the rules. The box that the IAAF has drawn around women is malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog illusory. Now, when women step inside, they will look out to see many other women who malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog naturally cannot fit the misconstruction. Most importantly, women may recognize they are the only athletes in a malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog box.

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