Osteosarcoma and malignant fibrous histiocytoma dog removal cost histiocytoma of bone missouri cancer associates

Osteosarcoma usually starts in osteoblasts, which are a type of bone cell that becomes new histiocytoma dog removal cost bone tissue. Osteosarcoma is most common in adolescents. It commonly forms in the ends of the long bones histiocytoma dog removal cost of the body, which include bones of the arms and legs. In children and adolescents, it often forms in the bones near the knee. Rarely, osteosarcoma may be found in soft tissue or organs in histiocytoma dog removal cost the chest or abdomen.

• CT scan (CAT scan): A procedure that makes a series of detailed pictures of histiocytoma dog removal cost areas inside the body, taken from different angles. The pictures are made by a computer linked to an histiocytoma dog removal cost x-ray machine. A dye may be injected into a vein or swallowed histiocytoma dog removal cost to help the organs or tissues show up more clearly. This procedure is also called computed tomography, computerized tomography, or computerized axial tomography.

Cells and tissues are removed during a biopsy so they histiocytoma dog removal cost can be viewed under a microscope by a pathologist to histiocytoma dog removal cost check for signs of cancer. It is important that the biopsy be done by a histiocytoma dog removal cost surgeon who is an expert in treating cancer of the histiocytoma dog removal cost bone. It is best if that surgeon is also the one histiocytoma dog removal cost who removes the tumor. The biopsy and the surgery to remove the tumor are histiocytoma dog removal cost planned together. The way the biopsy is done affects which type of histiocytoma dog removal cost surgery can be done later.

• limb-sparing surgery: removal of the tumor in a limb (arm or leg) without amputation, so the use and appearance of the limb is saved. Most patients with osteosarcoma in a limb can be treated histiocytoma dog removal cost with limb-sparing surgery. The tumor is removed by wide local excision. Tissue and bone that are removed may be replaced with histiocytoma dog removal cost a graft using tissue and bone taken from another part histiocytoma dog removal cost of the patient’s body, or with an implant such as artificial bone. If a fracture is found at diagnosis or during chemotherapy histiocytoma dog removal cost before surgery, limb-sparing surgery may still be possible in some cases. If the surgeon is not able to remove all of histiocytoma dog removal cost the tumor and enough healthy tissue around it, an amputation may be done.

Even if the doctor removes all the cancer that can histiocytoma dog removal cost be seen at the time of the surgery, patients are also given chemotherapy after surgery to kill any histiocytoma dog removal cost cancer cells that are left in the area where the histiocytoma dog removal cost tumor was removed or that have spread to other parts histiocytoma dog removal cost of the body. Treatment given after the surgery, to lower the risk that the cancer will come back, is called adjuvant therapy.

Chemotherapy is a cancer treatment that uses drugs to stop histiocytoma dog removal cost the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from histiocytoma dog removal cost dividing. When chemotherapy is taken by mouth or injected into a histiocytoma dog removal cost vein or muscle, the drugs enter the bloodstream and can reach cancer cells histiocytoma dog removal cost throughout the body (systemic chemotherapy). When chemotherapy is placed directly into the cerebrospinal fluid, an organ, or a body cavity such as the abdomen, the drugs mainly affect cancer cells in those areas (regional chemotherapy). Combination chemotherapy is the use of more than one anticancer histiocytoma dog removal cost drug. The way the chemotherapy is given depends on the type histiocytoma dog removal cost and stage of the cancer being treated.

Radiation therapy is a cancer treatment that uses high-energy x-rays or other types of radiation to kill cancer cells histiocytoma dog removal cost or keep them from growing. There are two types of radiation therapy. External radiation therapy uses a machine outside the body to histiocytoma dog removal cost send radiation toward the cancer. Internal radiation therapy uses a radioactive substance sealed in needles, seeds, wires, or catheters that are placed directly into or near the histiocytoma dog removal cost cancer. The way the radiation therapy is given depends on the histiocytoma dog removal cost type and stage of the cancer being treated.

Treatment with samarium may be followed by stem cell transplant. Before treatment with samarium, stem cells (immature blood cells) are removed from the blood or bone marrow of the histiocytoma dog removal cost patient and are frozen and stored. After treatment with samarium is complete, the stored stem cells are thawed and given back to histiocytoma dog removal cost the patient through an infusion. These reinfused stem cells grow into (and restore) the body’s blood cells.

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