Infective otitis externa (swimmer’s ear) – symptoms histiocytoma removal at home, treatment, medications

Normally, water that gets into a person’s ear does not pose a health risk. The inside of the ear canal is made up of histiocytoma removal at home delicate skin protected by a thin layer of earwax. The ear canal lining has acidic properties that protect against histiocytoma removal at home infection by bacteria and fungi, which are more likely to grow in dark, warm and moist environments (such as the ear canal).

Excess moisture can alter the balance of acid in the histiocytoma removal at home ear canal, allowing bacteria or fungi to multiply, leading to infection. In addition, the ear canal is easily traumatized. An injury to the lining of the canal may allow histiocytoma removal at home bacteria or fungi to penetrate the skin and create an histiocytoma removal at home infection. The canal is most often injured due to forceful cleaning histiocytoma removal at home using cotton-tipped swabs. The presence of foreign objects in the ear canal or histiocytoma removal at home physical trauma to the ear can also cause injury that histiocytoma removal at home can lead to swimmer’s ear.

People with certain underlying illnesses (e.g., diabetes, weakened immune system) may be more susceptible to serious complications as a result histiocytoma removal at home of ear infections. Bone and cartilage damage, known as malignant otitis externa, occurs when infection spreads to the bone and cartilage at histiocytoma removal at home the base of the skull. This is an extremely painful condition that is most likely histiocytoma removal at home to affect older adults and people with diabetes. It may require that a patient be hospitalized in order histiocytoma removal at home to be properly treated. Despite its name, cancer is not a feature of malignant otitis externa. In some cases, malignant otitis externa may spread to other parts of the histiocytoma removal at home body, including the brain and cranial nerves.

Swimmer’s ear is not is not the same thing as histiocytoma removal at home a middle ear infection (otitis media). An easy way to distinguish the two conditions is to histiocytoma removal at home gently wiggle the outer ear. If no pain or discomfort results, the condition is likely not swimmer’s ear. However, swimmer’s ear is sometimes associated with a middle ear infection histiocytoma removal at home if the eardrum ruptures.

Signs and symptoms related to swimmer’s ear typically appear within a few days of infection. Intense pain is the chief symptom associated with this type histiocytoma removal at home of ear infection. It is usually felt when a person touches or pulls histiocytoma removal at home on the visible portion of the outer ear (pinna or auricle) or pushes on the bump in front of the ear histiocytoma removal at home (tragus). In most cases, just one ear is involved.

Patients who suspect that they (or a family member) have swimmer’s ear should contact their physician. A physician will perform a thorough physical examination of the histiocytoma removal at home ear and compile a thorough medical history to diagnose swimmer’s ear. A lighted instrument (otoscope) will be used to examine the ear canal and eardrum. The physician will also look for signs of infection, such as scaly or flaking skin, a cut in the skin or moisture trapped in the histiocytoma removal at home ear canal. If there is drainage from the ear canal, a sample of it may be examined under a microscope histiocytoma removal at home for the presence of bacteria or fungi.

Over-the-counter (OTC) ear drops do not effectively treat swimmer’s ear, although they may help prevent it. It is important that patients consult their physician prior to histiocytoma removal at home using any type of medication (including OTC ear drops). If an ear drum contains even a small perforation, use of these products or flushing of the ear canal histiocytoma removal at home may cause additional problems (e.g., tinnitus, vertigo, hearing loss). Some of these complications may require surgery.

Prior to use of medications, any drainage, debris or flaky skin is usually cleared from the patient’s outer ear and ear canal. This allows the medications to more effectively penetrate the area. A physician may clean the area using a suction device histiocytoma removal at home or a cotton-tipped probe. If the ear canal is swollen, a special wick may be placed inside it to help histiocytoma removal at home medication reach deeply into the ear canal.

Patients are urged to contact their physician if they develop histiocytoma removal at home new symptoms after treatment has begun. Such symptoms include fever, redness of the skin behind the ear, increased pain and increased drainage. In severe or recurrent cases of swimmer’s ear, a physician may refer the patient to an ear, nose and throat specialist (otolaryngologist).

Although swimmer’s ear cannot always be prevented, people can take several steps to reduce their likelihood of histiocytoma removal at home contracting this infection. Drying the ears after swimming or bathing is crucial to histiocytoma removal at home reducing the risk of external otitis. Some experts have recommended using a hair dryer to dry histiocytoma removal at home the ear canal. It may also help to use an alcohol-based ear product that will dry out the ear. Such products can be found in pharmacies. Patients should consult their physician about whether these products are histiocytoma removal at home right for them, and whether a homemade solution may be used.

Swimming in pools and hot tubs with good chlorine and histiocytoma removal at home pH control can also significantly reduce the risk of contracting histiocytoma removal at home swimmer’s ear. It is also important not to swim in an area histiocytoma removal at home that has been closed due to pollution. Using earplugs during swimming can help prevent water from getting histiocytoma removal at home in the ear canal. Using oil or lanolin eardrops in the ears prior to histiocytoma removal at home swimming can also protect against the effects of water.

People are urged to take steps to prevent irritating substances histiocytoma removal at home from entering the ear canal. For example, it may be helpful to place cotton balls in the histiocytoma removal at home ears when applying sprays or dyes to the hair. Patients may also be advised to avoid frequent washing of histiocytoma removal at home the ear canal with soap, which can upset the acid balance of the canal lining histiocytoma removal at home and promote infection.

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