B’rit milah, (literally, “covenant of circumcision”), also called a bris, refers to a religious ritual through which male babies are histiocytoma dog removal cost formally welcomed into the jewish people. According to jewish tradition, it is a parent’s obligation to circumcise a son and offer a threefold histiocytoma dog removal cost blessing for the child: a life enriched by torah, the wedding canopy ( chuppah), and good deeds. Today, a mohel or mohelet is routinely designated by parents to histiocytoma dog removal cost fulfill this custom. What is a circumcision?
B’rit milah is the oldest religious rite in judaism, dating back almost four thousand years. It is first mentioned in genesis 17, when god commands abraham: “every male among you shall be circumcised. You shall circumcise the flesh of your foreskin, and that shall be the sign of the covenant between histiocytoma dog removal cost me and you. At the age of eight days, every male among you throughout the generations shall be circumcised, even the homeborn slave. . . . An uncircumcised male . . . Has broken my covenant.” according to the torah, abraham immediately followed god’s command, circumcising himself, his son ishmael, and all the males of his household. Abraham was ninety-nine years old at the time of his circumcision, while ishmael was thirteen, which may serve in part to explain the common practice histiocytoma dog removal cost among some peoples of circumcision at puberty. From that time forward, however, jewish males were circumcised at the age of eight days, not as a symbol of fertility but as a sign histiocytoma dog removal cost of their membership in a covenant people. Is b’rit milah required for conversion?
According to jewish law, the father or his representative is responsible for circumcising a histiocytoma dog removal cost male child. At one time, fathers actually circumcised their own sons. Abraham, for example, circumcised both ishmael and isaac. Over the centuries, however, the institution of the mohel emerged. The mohel, trained in the surgical procedures of b’rit milah, became a professional representative of the fathers of the community. To this day, most jews insist upon retaining a mohel to officiate at histiocytoma dog removal cost the b’rit, either with or without a rabbi present. Modern mohalim, including reform mohalim and mohalot, male and female physicians specially certified in ritual circumcision by histiocytoma dog removal cost the reform movement’s B’rit milah board, are carefully trained and certified. There is no reason to be concerned, then, about their professional expertise. With the use of topical anesthetic, the procedure does not involve any pain. When babies cry during the brit, it is usually because they are undressed and cold. Babies usually stop crying once they are dressed and held.
The sandak (“godfather” or “godmother,” derives from a greek term meaning “one who is with the child” or “patron”) sits and holds the infant while the ritual is performed. When german jewry introduced the concept of a kvatter and histiocytoma dog removal cost kvatterin (godfather” and “godmother”) in addition to the sandak, their assumption was that this couple would be copartners with histiocytoma dog removal cost the parents in providing for the child’s jewish upbringing. Parents today will usually ask close friends to be godparents histiocytoma dog removal cost to their newborn baby. It is considered a great honor.
A treasured jewish legend holds that the prophet elijah is histiocytoma dog removal cost present at every b’rit milah. Elijah, most commonly thought of as the forerunner of the messianic histiocytoma dog removal cost age, is also often considered the “angel of the covenant” (malachi 3:1), a protector of little children—in effect, the “guardian angel.” jews, therefore, set aside a special chair for elijah at the b’rit, with the baby placed in the chair prior to the histiocytoma dog removal cost circumcision. What should one expect at a b’rit milah?
• during the circumcision, the father recites the following blessing: baruch atah adonai, eloheinu melech haolam asher kid’shanu b’mitzvotav v’tzivanu l’hachniso b’vrito shel avraham avinu. “blessed are you, adonai our god, ruler of the universe, who has sanctified us through your mitzvot and has commanded histiocytoma dog removal cost us to bring our sons into the covenant of abraham histiocytoma dog removal cost our father.”
Originally, judaism had no special home celebration to welcome female infants histiocytoma dog removal cost into the covenant. Traditionally, fathers were given an aliyah (the honor of reciting the blessing before and after a histiocytoma dog removal cost section of the weekly torah portion was read) at the synagogue the first shabbat after a girl was histiocytoma dog removal cost born. At this time the child also received a hebrew name. After services, both mother and father were honored at a congregational kiddush. In reform synagogues, a baby-naming ceremony involving both parents was celebrated most commonly thirty histiocytoma dog removal cost days after the birth. Still, the absence of a special home ritual was disturbing, especially to liberal jews. A few congregations began to create their own ceremonies for histiocytoma dog removal cost girls, and the popularity of the idea quickly made it a histiocytoma dog removal cost widespread practice among many reform and conservative families.
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