5 Common horse histiocytoma pictures feeding mistakes

The horse has evolved as a grazing animal; forage plays a pivotal role in equine health. Horses are non-ruminant herbivores also known as a “hindgut fermenters”. Their digestive tract is made up of a simple stomach, small intestine and large intestine. The natural feeding habit of the horse is to eat histiocytoma pictures small amounts of roughages, often throughout the day. Domestication has brought a change to this. Modern management practices of horses incorporate stabling, increased grain-based concentrate consumption, meal feeding and limited access to pasture. This has led to a myriad of problems by undermining histiocytoma pictures the horse’s digestive capabilities. To ensure optimal health, horses must be given access to a high-quality fiber-based diet.

Horses require an absolute minimum of 1% of their body weight in dry forage per day; for a 1000 lb horse, this equates to 10 lb per day. A safer guideline is to provide horses with a minimum histiocytoma pictures of 1.5% to 2.5% of their body weight in dry forage per day (15 to 25 lbs of dry forage per day for histiocytoma pictures a 1000 lb horse) (Harris, 2016). 2. Feeding Too Much Grain

Grain concentrates and supplements should only be fed to compliment histiocytoma pictures the forage being offered. If high-quality forage is being fed, most horses only require a low intake vitamin and mineral histiocytoma pictures pellet (ration balancer pellet). As horses increase their workload or physiological demands, e.g. pregnancy or lactation, additional concentrate may be required. Excess grain can cause weight gain, increased gastric and hindgut acidity and may cause behavioral changes histiocytoma pictures in some horses (Harlow et al., 2016). 3. Feeding Multiple Supplements Without Evaluating the Total Diet Impact

All equine diets should start with forage as the foundation histiocytoma pictures and from here, additional concentrates and supplements may be added to balance the histiocytoma pictures diet and/or add calories or protein. Other supplements are specific to joint health or gut health. It is important to read the ingredients list and make histiocytoma pictures sure the horse is not being over supplemented with any histiocytoma pictures single ingredient. Selenium, for example, is found in very low levels in forage, therefore, many horse owners feed an additional amount to compensate the histiocytoma pictures horse’s requirement (selenium is 1.25mg per day for an 1100lb horse undergoing moderate exercise) (NRC, 2007). If the horse eats 20lbs of hay with a low histiocytoma pictures selenium content (0.1 ppm), this equates to 0.9 mg of selenium, add 5lbs of a performance feed (selenium content 0.7ppm) which equates to 1.6 mg of selenium, then add an overall wellness supplement which contains an additional histiocytoma pictures 0.8 mg selenium per 2 scoops. Next, add a hoof supplement with an additional 1mg of selenium histiocytoma pictures per scoop and finally a coat health supplement with an histiocytoma pictures additional 0.32 mg per cup (feeding rate). Our total diet now contains 4.62 mg of selenium. The maximum tolerable level of selenium for an 1100lb horse histiocytoma pictures is about 20mg (NRC, 2007). 4. Not Feeding on a Regular Schedule

Horses are routine animals and can stress easily if not histiocytoma pictures fed at similar times each day. Forage should be provided continually throughout the day to try histiocytoma pictures and simulate grazing behavior if pasture is not available. Concentrate meals should be fed at the approximate same time histiocytoma pictures each day to ensure horses do not become stressed. Irregular schedules will stress horses, and they may develop stall vices such as kicking, raking their teeth on the stall or cribbing. Digestive disorders can occur due to an overly hungry horse histiocytoma pictures bolting (aggressively eating) its feed (Harris, 1998). 5. Not Enough Turnout

Horses are grazing, herd animals and they will cover large distances in a histiocytoma pictures day, continually walking and grazing. Turnout provides opportunity for exercise. Horses out for 24hrs can walk up to 9.5 miles while horses out for 7 hours will only histiocytoma pictures walk up to 3 miles (Sharpe & Kenny, 2019). Slow, continuous exercise that is provided by turnout keeps a horse’s joints flexible. During turnout, if horses can be with, or at least next to, other horses, it can decrease their anxiety levels as horses are social histiocytoma pictures herd animals. Respiratory health can also be improved by increasing turnout time. Clean, fresh air is essential, especially in cases of airway or respiratory disorders (McIntosh et al., 2019).